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In an interesting reference pertaining to repatriation of
destitute, the Sao Paulo Consul wrote to London on 17th September,
1924, “Indians came to Brazil but living conditions
were not suitable so they got visas for Argentina but were
refused entry to Argentina. So eight of them wish to be repatriated
to India”. It can be surmised that other immigrants
settled down in Brazil either temporarily or permanently.
The eight persons under reference were from Jullandhar and
In another reference one Captain Francis McCullagh interviewed
the President of State of Amazonas on April 30th 1924 at Manaos,
when he was told by H. E. that the State wants East Indian
colonists as white men had given up. He clarified that as
per Brazil Emigration Act of 6/1/1921, emigration was allowed
on basis of relatives/other persons.
It is clear that some Sikh immigrants did not find Brazil
suitable for settling down.
2 Despite this, there is evidence to the contrary about Brazil
continuing to pursue
immigrants from India through Immigration Agents. As an example,
an advertisement in the Indian National Herald of 20th May
1927 is interesting: Quote-
GOOD NEWS TO THOSE GOING ABROAD
BRAZIL WANTS INDIANS. FOLLOW JAPAN
Mr. F De Santa Anne assures about “no racial discrimination
and good prospects in a fertile coffee plantation country”.
Mr. F De Santa Anne has come to India as an Agent for the
Brazilian country. He is now in Bombay and has traveled nearly
all the countries and has studied the economic and mercantile
conditions of all countries. “Mr. F De Santa Anne says
that the special want of Brazil is men. Agriculturists and
Indians from northern India are honorably welcome. Some years
before the Japanese continued immigrating to Brazil and their
number is increasing. If such is the case why should Brazil
not welcome Indians who are more amicable with Brazilians
than Japanese. If anybody wants any further information on
the point he can write or seek the undersigned.”
ISMAIL BHAI WAHID
Passport and PassengerAgent
Opposite Xavier School,
Box Number 2022,
A news item of that period mentions, “130 emigrants
left as result of advertisement. 15 more booked on 23rd September.
Actually 16 left per SS Castalia. The Emigration Officer was
satisfied with letters received from friends or relatives
that there are openings for them”. From above it would
appear that substantial number of Sikhs did migrate to Brazil.
It is also established that some of them went to Argentina.....
Article Published in The
Sikh Review - February 2005 - No. 626